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Nepal General Information

  • Nepal General Information

Nepal is a small south Asian landlocked country bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China and to the south, east and west by the Republic of India. Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal located in the Himalayas with an area of 147,181 sq. kilometers and a population of approximately 27 million. Home to the world’s 8 tallest mountains, including the top of the world Mount Everest, Nepal is called mountainous country with 240 peaks over 6,6096m located within it. An array of ethnic groups with the unique and vibrant cultures, festivals, traditions, religions and languages, Nepal has been popular destination for tour, trekking, expedition, climbing, sightseeing, paragliding, rafting, jungle safari, hiking and mountain biking. The birthplace of Lord Buddha, holy Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage sites, temples, monasteries, gumbas, stupas, mosques and churches with the UNESCO World Natural and Cultural Heritage Sites are the reasons why the trekker, traveler, adventure lover and honeymoon couples choose Nepal as the best destination for spending their vacation or holidays. The north Himalayan region of Nepal is covered by enormous, snow capped mountains with a cold alpine climate, the middle hilly region is scattered with hills and has a mild climate and the southern Terai region is warm, humid and has a tropical climate.

Nepal at a glance:

Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
Area: 147,181 Sq. Km
Longitude: 80° 4’ and 88°12’ East.
Population: 27 Million
Capital: Kathmandu
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Language: Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, English is understood and spoken by majority of people in Kathmandu valley and other major cities.
Time Zone: GMT +5.75
Access Code: +977
People: Hindu (75%), Buddhists (20%), Others (5%) with 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Political: Multiparty Democracy System (Interim)
National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National Flower: Rhododendron- Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Electricity: 220 Volts AC - 50 Cycles
Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the lowlands to arctic higher altitudes
Seasons: March to May (Spring), June to August (Summer), September to November (Autumn), December to February (Winter).
Topography: From the worlds deepest gorge ‘Kaligandaki to Mt. Everest, the highest point on earth.